Unschooling: Legality, Pros Cons, Curriculum – Complete Guide for Parents


Unschooling is an alternative approach to education that emphasizes self-directed learning and prioritizes student interests and passions over a predetermined curriculum. It seeks to create a non-traditional learning environment where students can explore, experiment, and pursue their interests, rather than following a rigid, teacher-dictated curriculum.

What is Unschooling (Definition)?

Unschooling is based on the belief that students learn best when they control their learning instead of following a traditional classroom curriculum. Unschooling students are encouraged to direct their education by pursuing their interests and passions. They can choose what they want and when to learn, allowing them to work at their own pace and develop their personalized educational paths.

Is Unschooling Legal?

Yes, Unschooling is legal in the United States. According to the Department of Education, each state is responsible for establishing its educational requirements, and no federal law mandates attendance in a traditional school. If families comply with their state’s compulsory education laws, they can choose Unschooling or any other alternative form of education.

In the United States, compulsory education laws generally require children between 6 or 7 and 16 or 17 to attend school. Still, they also allow for homeschooling and other alternative forms of education. Some states have more stringent homeschooling regulations, while others have fewer restrictions.

It is important to note that Unschooling is not recognized as a distinct educational philosophy by most states, and families who unschool their children are typically considered homeschoolers. However, unschooling families can still take advantage of many of the same resources and support networks as homeschooling families, such as online communities and homeschooling organizations.

In what state is Unschooling legal?

Unschooling is a legal educational option in all fifty states of the United States of America. Each state has different requirements and regulations governing Unschooling, but all states recognize it as a legitimate form of education.

Some states require that parents notify the school district of their intention to unschool, while others have no such requirement. Some states require that parents meet specific educational standards to unschool their children, while others place no such restrictions on parents.

Ultimately, whether or not to unschool is up to the parent, and each state offers different options and resources for parents who choose to unschool their children.

Here is a list of states with some of the more lenient homeschooling rules and laws, which generally allow for more freedom and flexibility in terms of education:

  1. Alaska
  2. Arizona
  3. Idaho
  4. Indiana
  5. Kansas
  6. Kentucky
  7. Michigan
  8. Missouri
  9. North Dakota
  10. Oklahoma
  11. Oregon
  12. Pennsylvania
  13. South Carolina
  14. Texas
  15. Utah

It is important to note that the laws regarding homeschooling and Unschooling can change, so it is always best to check with your state’s Department of Education for the most up-to-date information.

What are the laws of Unschooling?

The laws regarding Unschooling vary by state in the United States, as each state is responsible for establishing its educational requirements. However, most states have compulsory education laws that require children between the ages of 6 or 7 and 16 or 17 to attend school. These laws also generally allow for homeschooling and other alternative forms of education.

Top 10 general requirements for Unschooling in the United States:

  1. Compliance with compulsory education laws: Unschooling families must comply with their state’s mandatory education laws, which generally require children to attend school for a certain number of days or hours per year.
  2. Record-keeping: Unschooling families may be required to keep records of their child’s educational activities and progress, and some states may require periodic evaluations or assessments.
  3. Notification of intent to homeschool: Some states require families to provide written notice to their local school district or the state education department.
  4. Testing requirements: Some states require homeschooled students to take standardized tests or assessments to evaluate their academic progress.
  5. Teacher qualifications: Some states have specific requirements for the qualifications of the person responsible for the homeschooling program, such as a teaching certificate or certain educational experience.
  6. Reporting and record-keeping: Some states require families to submit annual reports or evaluations to demonstrate that their child is progressing satisfactorily. This may include standardized test scores or portfolios of the child’s work in some states.
  7. Immunizations: Most states require children to be immunized before attending school, including homeschooled children. Some states may have exceptions for religious or philosophical beliefs.
  8. Socialization opportunities: Some states require homeschooled children to have regular opportunities for socialization with peers, such as participation in extracurricular activities or part-time enrollment in a traditional school.
  9. Special education services: Children with disabilities have a right to a free appropriate public education, regardless of whether they attend a traditional school or are homeschooled. Some states may require families to provide evidence of their child’s progress or to participate in evaluations to determine their eligibility for special education services.
  10. College admissions: Homeschooled students can apply to colleges and universities like traditionally schooled students. However, some colleges may have additional requirements for homeschooled applicants, such as standardized test scores or portfolios of the student’s work.

It is important to note that the laws regarding Unschooling can change, so it is always best to check with your state’s Department of Education for the most up-to-date information. Additionally, it is essential to seek the advice of a legal professional if you have questions or concerns about the legal requirements for Unschooling in your state.

What age is Unschooling?

Unschooling can be practiced at any age, from early childhood through adulthood. Unschooling is a flexible approach to education that allows individuals to pursue their interests and passions at their own pace, without the constraints of a traditional school schedule or curriculum. Some families choose to unschool their children from a young age, while others may start Unschooling later in life to break free from traditional educational structures.

The age at which an individual begins Unschooling will depend on various factors, including the individual’s interests, abilities, and personal circumstances, as well as the laws and regulations regarding education in their state or country.

Some unschooling families may choose to unschool their children until they reach the age they are required to attend school under their state’s compulsory education laws. In contrast, others may continue Unschooling through adulthood.

Ultimately, the age at which an individual begins Unschooling is a personal decision that will depend on various factors and should be made in consultation with trusted advisors and resources.


Unschooling Vs. Homeschooling

Here’s a comparison between Unschooling and homeschooling:

DefinitionInterest-led, self-directed education without a set curriculumFormal education is provided at home, often following a structured curriculum
Approach to LearningFlexible, unstructured, based on individual interests and passionsStructured, often following a prescribed curriculum or educational program
Responsibility for LearningIndividual determines what they want to learn and how they want to learn it.Parent, teacher, or homeschooling program provides education
EmphasisExploration, discovery, and self-expressionMastery of traditional academic subjects and skills
AssessmentInformal, based on individual progress and accomplishmentsFormal, based on standardized tests or evaluation by a homeschooling program
Socialization OpportunitiesMaybe less structured, with opportunities for socialization arising organicallyMaybe more structured, with opportunities for socialization provided through homeschooling groups or activities
FlexibilityHighIt can vary, but generally lower than unschooling
Control over EducationAn individual has complete control over their educationParent, teacher, or homeschooling program has significant control over the education
TimeframeNo set timeframe for education; it can continue throughout lifeTypically follows a traditional school schedule or timeline
ResourcesIndividuals must find and access resources on their ownParent, teacher, or homeschooling program provides resources and support
Legal RequirementsIt can vary, but generally lower than UnschoolingVary by state and country, but often require parents to register as homeschoolers and follow specific guidelines.

What are the advantages of Unschooling?

Here are some benefits of Unschooling.

  1. Flexibility: It allows individuals to learn at their own pace, on their schedule, and in the best way.
  2. Interest-led learning: By focusing on individual interests and passions, Unschooling can help foster a love of learning and a desire to continue learning.
  3. Self-direction: This mode of education places the responsibility for learning in the hands of the individual, empowering them to take control of their education and pursue their own goals.
  4. Real-world experience: Unschooling often involves hands-on, real-world experience, which can provide valuable skills and knowledge that can be applied in everyday life.
  5. Reduced stress: Unschooling eliminates the pressure of traditional standardized testing and grades, allowing individuals to focus on learning for its own sake rather than to meet external expectations.
  6. Customized education: This mode allows individuals to customize their education to meet their unique needs and goals rather than following a one-size-fits-all curriculum.
  7. Strong family bonds: This teaching mode can allow families to spend more time together and foster close relationships and a strong sense of community.
  8. Holistic education: Unschooling recognizes that learning is a lifelong and holistic process, encompassing not just academics but also emotional, social, and physical development.
  9. Development of critical thinking skills: By encouraging individuals to take control of their learning, Unschooling can help to develop critical thinking skills, problem-solving skills, and creativity.
  10. Opportunities for travel and adventure: It provides opportunities for travel, adventure, and cultural immersion, which can broaden horizons and enrich learning experiences.
  11. Avoidance of negative aspects of traditional schooling: Unschooling can avoid the negative aspects of traditional schooling, such as bullying, pressure to conform, and lack of individualized attention.
  12. Encouragement of creativity and innovation: It encourages creativity and innovation by allowing individuals to explore their passions and interests and to pursue new and unique learning opportunities.
  13. Fosters independence and self-motivation: By placing the responsibility for learning in the hands of the individual, Unschooling can foster independence and self-motivation, which can be beneficial for success in later life.

What are the disadvantages of Unschooling?

  1. Lack of structure: Without a set curriculum or schedule, Unschooling can lack structure and direction, which can be difficult for some individuals.
  2. Difficulty accessing resources: Without a centralized program or teacher, unschooling individuals may have difficulty accessing resources, such as books, materials, or subject-specific expertise.
  3. Potential for isolation: Without regular interaction with peers, unschooling individuals may experience social isolation, which can negatively impact their emotional and social development.
  4. Difficulty transitioning to traditional education or employment: Without a traditional education background, unschooled individuals may face challenges transitioning to traditional education or employment, as employers and higher education institutions may not recognize Unschooling as a valid form of education.
  5. Potential for unequal educational opportunities: Without access to a centralized program or resources, unschooling individuals from disadvantaged backgrounds may have unequal educational opportunities compared to those from more privileged backgrounds.
  6. Lack of accountability: Without regular assessment or grading, unschooling individuals may lack accountability for their learning and may not have a clear sense of their progress or accomplishments.
  7. Potential for underdevelopment in specific areas: Without a comprehensive curriculum, unschooling individuals may not receive adequate education in certain areas, such as mathematics or science, which can impact their future opportunities.
  8. Potential for lack of discipline: Unschooled individuals may struggle with developing self-discipline and time-management skills without a structured schedule or teacher to provide guidance.
  9. Challenges in obtaining a formal qualification: Without a formal qualification, unschooled individuals may face challenges in pursuing higher education or specific careers that require formal credentials.
  10. Potential for lack of socialization: Unschooled individuals may miss opportunities to develop critical social skills and learn to work and cooperate without regular peer interaction.
  11. Difficulty in obtaining recognition: Unschooling is not a widely recognized form of education and may not be well understood or accepted by others, including employers, colleges, and the wider community.
  12. Potential for decreased academic skills: Without access to traditional forms of instruction, unschooled individuals may not develop the academic skills, such as writing and reading comprehension, necessary for success in higher education or specific careers.
  13. Potential for lack of guidance: Without a teacher or a centralized program, unschooled individuals may not receive adequate guidance in developing their learning goals, choosing learning resources, or pursuing opportunities for advancement.

How to find and Collaborate with other Parents who are Unschooling

Here are some tips on how to find and collaborate with other unschooling parents:

  1. Use Online Communities: There are many online communities dedicated to Unschooling, including forums, Facebook groups, and blogs. Joining these communities can provide an opportunity to connect with other unschooling parents and learn from their experiences.
  2. Attend Local Workshops and Conferences: Unschooling workshops and conferences are an excellent opportunity to connect with other unschooling families and learn from experts in the field. You can search for unschooling events in your area.
  3. Participate in Local Homeschooling Groups: Many homeschooling groups include unschooling families, and these groups can provide a platform for unschooling parents to connect and collaborate. You can search for local homeschooling groups online.
  4. Connect with Local Unschooling Families: You can contact local unschooling families through online communities or homeschooling groups to arrange playdates, field trips, and other activities.
  5. Organize Meetups: You can organize meetups with other unschooling families in your area to discuss Unschooling, share resources, and provide support.
  6. Utilize Social Media: Social media platforms like Facebook and Twitter can be great tools for connecting with other unschooling parents. You can join unschooling groups, follow unschooling pages, and participate in unschooling discussions.
  7. Reach Out to Unschooling Organizations: Organizations dedicated to Unschooling can provide resources and connect you with other unschooling families. You can search for unschooling organizations online and contact them for support.
  8. Attend Homeschooling Co-ops: Homeschooling co-ops can provide a platform for unschooling families to collaborate, share resources, and engage in activities together. You can search for homeschooling co-ops in your area and attend their meetings.
  9. Join an Unschooling Co-op: Some communities have unschooling co-ops that bring together unschooling families for educational activities, field trips, and social events. You can search for unschooling co-ops in your area and contact them for more information.
  10. Participate in Online Courses and Webinars: Many online courses and webinars dedicated to Unschooling can provide an opportunity to connect with other unschooling families and learn from experts in the field. You can search for unschooling courses and webinars online.

By connecting with other unschooling families, you can create a supportive network, exchange ideas, and learn from each other.

Unschooling Curriculum ideas

Unschooling does not rely on a predetermined curriculum, but here are some ideas for incorporating learning into Unschooling:

  1. Interest-Led Learning: Encourage your child to pursue their interests and provide resources and support to help them explore and learn.
  2. Life Skills: Teach practical life skills such as cooking, cleaning, budgeting, and time management.
  3. Travel: Travel can be a great learning opportunity and help broaden your child’s perspective and understanding of the world.
  4. Experiences and Adventures: Encourage your child to engage in new experiences and adventures, such as volunteering, internships, and outdoor activities.
  5. Real-World Problem Solving: Encourage your child to apply their knowledge to real-world problems and help them find solutions to their challenges.
  6. Community Involvement: Encourage your child to get involved in their community, such as volunteering, joining clubs, and participating in events.
  7. Self-Directed Learning: Provide resources and support for your child to direct their learning, such as books, online courses, and workshops.
  8. Hands-on Projects: Encourage hands-on projects that allow children to apply their knowledge and skills in a tangible way, such as building, gardening, and crafting.
  9. Technology: Provide access to technology, such as computers and smartphones, and encourage using technology for learning and exploration.
  10. Mentorship and Apprenticeships: Connect your child with mentors and opportunities for apprenticeships in areas of their interest.
  11. Foreign Language Learning: Encourage foreign language learning through language classes, language exchanges, and travel.
  12. Nature Studies: Encourage children to learn about nature, such as through gardening, hiking, and wildlife observation.
  13. Creativity: Encourage creativity through art, music, and writing.
  14. Entrepreneurship: Teach entrepreneurship and encourage children to start their businesses or engage in entrepreneurial projects.

By incorporating diverse learning experiences, Unschooling provides opportunities for children to develop a broad range of skills and knowledge. It is important to note that Unschooling does not limit children to a specific curriculum but encourages them to explore and learn in meaningful and relevant ways.

How to register for Unschooling

Unschooling, as a philosophy of education, does not require formal registration or certification. In the United States, homeschooling and Unschooling fall under the umbrella of homeschooling and are subject to state-specific laws and regulations.

To homeschool or unschool in the US, parents typically need to:

  1. Please review and understand the homeschooling laws in their state: Laws and regulations vary by state, so it is essential to familiarize yourself with the homeschooling requirements in your state.
  2. Notify the state: Some states require parents to notify the state or local school district of their intent to homeschool.
  3. Keep records: Most states require homeschoolers to keep records of their child’s progress and educational experiences.
  4. Meet assessment requirements: Some states require homeschoolers to participate in standardized testing or assessments to demonstrate their child’s progress.

It is important to note that while Unschooling is a form of homeschooling, it is not regulated or defined by law in the same way as traditional homeschooling programs. Therefore, the specific requirements for Unschooling may vary depending on the state and individual circumstances.

For specific information on homeschooling and unschooling laws in your state, you may want to consult a homeschooling advocacy organization or seek advice from a homeschooling support group.

What are the other alternates:

Here are some alternatives :

  1. Homeschooling: Homeschooling is a popular alternative to traditional schooling that allows parents to take control of their child’s education. Homeschooling can be structured and follow a specific curriculum or be more relaxed, similar to Unschooling.
  2. Montessori: The Montessori method is a child-centered, hands-on educational approach emphasizing independence and self-directed learning.
  3. Waldorf: Waldorf education is a holistic approach to education that emphasizes creativity, imagination, and social and emotional development.
  4. Reggio Emilia: The Reggio Emilia approach to education is based on respect, responsibility, and community and emphasizes the natural environment and relationships as a source of learning.
  5. Charter Schools: Charter schools are public schools with more flexibility in curriculum and teaching methods. They are typically smaller and have more specialized programs.
  6. Private Schools: Private schools are not funded by the government and have more control over their curriculum, teaching methods, and policies.
  7. Online Learning: Online learning allows students to learn at their own pace and schedule. It can be done through a traditional school or online courses and resources.
  8. Free Schools: Free schools are alternative schools that are based on the principles of student-led and democratic education.

Each of these alternatives offers unique benefits and drawbacks, and the best option for your family will depend on your individual needs and goals. It is essential to research and consider each option carefully before deciding.

How do unschoolers get into college?


Unschoolers can get into college through several methods:

  1. Standardized Tests: Unschoolers can take the ACT or SAT to demonstrate college readiness. Unschoolers use this standard method to prove their academic ability to colleges.
  2. Portfolio: Unschoolers can create a portfolio of their experiences and achievements to showcase their learning and abilities to colleges. This could include a list of books read, volunteer work, personal projects, and more.
  3. College Admissions Interviews: Many colleges offer interviews as part of the admission process, which unschoolers can use to explain their educational background and experience.
  4. College Entrance Exams: Some colleges may require entrance exams as part of their admission process.
  5. College Acceptance Based on Life Experience: Some colleges offer programs that allow students to demonstrate their knowledge and skills through life experience rather than traditional academic credentials.
  6. GED: The General Educational Development (GED) test is an alternative to a high school diploma and can be used to demonstrate a student’s knowledge and ability for college.

Unschoolers should research the admission requirements of the colleges they are interested in and work with an admission counselor to determine the best path to admission. It is also important to note that some colleges may have specific policies or requirements for unschooled students, so checking with the individual institutions is essential.

Why do people stop Unschooling?

There can be various reasons why individuals or families choose to stop Unschooling, some of which include the following:

  1. Lack of Support: Unschooling can be challenging for some families, especially if they do not have a support system that understands and respects their choice.
  2. Financial Challenges: Unschooling can be expensive, especially if the family needs to travel for experiences or if they need to purchase resources and materials for learning.
  3. Socialization Concerns: Some parents may be concerned about their child’s socialization and choose to enroll them in a traditional school to ensure they have opportunities to interact with peers.
  4. Difficulty Managing Learning: Some families may find that Unschooling is not the right fit for their child’s learning style, or they may struggle with the level of organization and structure required to make Unschooling successful.
  5. Lack of Consistency: Unschooling requires a high level of commitment and consistency to be successful, and some families may find it challenging to maintain the necessary level of engagement.
  6. Return to Traditional Schooling: Some families may find that their child is not progressing as they would like or may feel they need to return to traditional schooling to prepare their child for college or a specific career path.

It’s important to note that Unschooling is a personal choice, and what works for one family may not work for another. Some families may return to traditional schooling after Unschooling, while others may continue the unschooling path for their entire education.

Here are some unschooling examples

  1. Hands-on learning, such as conducting science experiments or building robots.
  2. Travel-based learning, such as visiting different countries to immerse in different cultures.
  3. Community involvement, such as volunteering or participating in local events.
  4. Online resources, such as using websites, videos, or forums to learn about specific topics.
  5. Play-based learning, such as playing board games, sports, or doing art, to develop skills.
  6. Self-directed projects – An unschooled child might pursue a personal project, such as writing a book, creating a website, or starting a business.
  7. Real-world experiences – An unschooled child might learn about finance by managing their allowance or cooking by helping with meal preparation at home.
  8. Mentorship – An unschooled child might work with a mentor in a field they are interested in, such as music, art, or carpentry, to gain practical skills and knowledge.
  9. Unstructured playtime – An unschooled child might engage in free play, such as exploring nature, playing with friends, or engaging in imaginative play, to develop their creativity and social skills.
  10. Participating in workshops and classes – An unschooled child might attend workshops or classes in areas they are interested in, such as woodworking, dance, or computer programming.

Are Unschooled Kids Successful?

Yes, unschooled kids can be successful. Many unschooled individuals have significantly succeeded in various fields, including business, entrepreneurship, technology, and the arts.

The key to success for unschooled individuals is often their ability to develop a passion for learning, to be self-motivated, and to pursue their interests and goals with persistence and determination.

However, success is subjective and can be measured in different ways. It is important to remember that Unschooling is just one educational approach and that success can also be achieved through other methods.

You may want to read – A Survey of Grown Unschoolers – By Dr. Peter Grey, Ph.D.